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One of the most prevalent and challenging questions for a business entering the Mobile Application market is “whether to go with native mobile app development or cross-platform mobile app development?” Native mobile apps require the development of a single app for a single target platform. For example, iOS applications need to be built using Swift, while Android applications need to be developed using Java. Cross-platform applications use an intermediary language like React Native and are deployed to the iOS and Android platforms. Although Android has more than 70% of the market, Apple has 1.5 times as many applications as Google Play. And the reason for that is that iOS Application owners earn more than Android Application owners. And that’s why here we are comparing the Swift and React Native platforms for mobile applications.
What is Swift
Swift is an Apple-created compiled programming language designed exclusively for developing iOS, iPadOS, watchOS, macOS, tvOS, and Apple-powered devices. Although the language is just 7 years old, it has already gained significant interest in iOS app development. Businesses that previously developed apps in Objective-C migrated to Swift to take advantage of its flexibility, conciseness, and simplicity. Swift’s major purpose is to increase developer interest in iOS development services. The programming interface is interactive because Swift has simple and expressive syntaxes.
The Advantages of Swift
According to Apple’s official website, Swift is 2.5 times quicker than Objective-C. Swift features a precise and clear syntax that compiles code directly to machine code using the LLVM tool. As implied by the name of the programming language, Swift speeds up the app development process.
Swift developers may add any new functionality quickly. Consequently, these apps are often easier to scale than React Native apps. Moreover, Swift 5 brought Binary Interface stability to the programming language and resolved a major challenge. Without this functionality, if a new version of the language was released and developers attempted to incorporate it into an existing application, some functionalities would crash. This is prevented by ABI stability, which assures that all language versions are compatible with one another.
Lightweight Swift programs require less time to install and use less storage capacity on the device. The language was also designed with native iOS development in mind, offering developers greater access to the capabilities of the native device. Therefore, Swift-powered applications will appear and perform better.
Speed and Performance
Swift was developed to replace the Objective-C programming language, and its essential factors include improved performance and increased safety. In fact, Swift was first marketed as having 40% more performance, and several studies have supported this statement.
The Limitations of Swift
Despite Swift’s rapid expansion, the language has a very small number of developers compared to other programming languages. It might be challenging to hire a Swift developer.
Only available on Apple OS platforms
Since it is a native platform, Swift can only be used to develop native applications for Apple devices. Therefore, if someone wants to develop a mobile application for both iOS and Android, they need to develop two separate applications.
Popular Swift Applications
What is React Native
The Advantages of React Native
Require a smaller team
React Native contains almost 10 times more libraries and packages than Swift. Though the quantity alone does not ensure the quality of the language or structure, it does demonstrate the community’s dedication and willingness to participate. This dedication is essential for the advancement of any technology.
Easy to update Live Application
React Native makes adding new functionality to existing apps very simple. It is sufficient to inject the UI components into an existing application without changing the complete application. This feature is useful for extending an app’s functionality without totally rebuilding it.
Even though you cannot develop an entirely native iOS app using React Native, you may save money by developing portions of the app utilizing this cross-platform technology. Using React Native, you can design critical components with native tools and less performance-impacting features. This allows you to offer a native application in less time and at a lower cost.
The Limitations of React Native
Dependency on Native
To develop functions not supported by React Native, developers must still return to native modules. The native modules integrate the native code with the React Native code. When developing a React Native app, you must continue to know native code. If not, you will require the help of a native developer.
Cross-platform solutions are usually inferior to native applications in terms of speed and performance. React Native applications require additional storage on the device and, on average, provide a poorer user experience. However, this issue is only significant when considering highly dynamic applications such as video games.
Popular React Native Applications
React Native VS Swift
The key distinction between React Native and Swift is that React Native can build mobile applications for several platforms, including iOS and Android, whereas Swift is exclusive to Apple devices. Therefore, if you are only developing an application for Apple devices, Swift may be your best option. It offers you access to the most recent technological advancements and allows you to better use client devices and operating system characteristics. Nevertheless, it might be challenging to find Swift developers.
While comparing performance, Swift is in the lead because native development is nearly always preferable to cross-platform development in terms of performance. Swift has a significant advantage over its competitors, especially in dynamic and graphic effects-heavy apps. Since building graphical effects with React Native is difficult, the framework provides a means of integrating native code into apps. This methodology enables the developer to produce a variety of assets and tools for development activities. Swift Apps take a pretty significant amount of CPU power, although their performance is superior to that of React Native apps.
Swift was created by Apple Inc. for developing native applications on its own platform. Therefore, it utilizes UX concepts and merges iOS User Interface designs effortlessly. React Native UI elements resemble those of native applications. As React Native manages native components, app components must be upgraded anytime a platform’s operating system is upgraded. The disadvantage of this functionality is that the application’s user interface may crash in the event of a fatal error.
This competition between Swift and React Native may be viewed as a conflict between cross-platform and native development. Both languages are capable of enabling the development of iOS applications with outstanding features. The decision between React Native and Swift is influenced by a variety of criteria, including the type of application, the duration of the project, and the budget. Your project’s needs are an essential factor to consider when choosing the appropriate development platform. For instance, if you have a limited budget or need to develop an application with a quick turn-around time, you can choose React Native. While, if you are looking for dynamic application with visual effects such as gaming applications, you must choose the Swift. Consult Appsvolt for your Mobile Application idea, and our experienced consulting team will help you choose the best platform for your application.
With over a decade of experience; specializing in managing, defining, controlling and troubleshooting software needs for clients in various technology and industry domains